When it comes to ecological restoration projects, there are certain special considerations that must be taken into account. For example, genetic considerations are often a factor. Plants or animals from local sources are more likely to be better suited to the objectives of the project. In central Malawi, Djenontin and Zulu (202) studied the governance processes involved in the implementation of the country's national forest landscape restoration strategy in two agroforestry landscapes.
They found that areas with high individual species richness may not always maximize diversity at the landscape scale. Therefore, setting objectives for complementary attributes such as age, size, shape, species structure, and landscape context in a set of sites can achieve restoration objectives more cost-effectively and with a smaller overall footprint than setting specific objectives for a single site.